Henri Joutel Visits Fort Saint Louis 1687
2d, we arrived at the Place, where the Figure is of the pretended Monster spoken
of by Father Marquet. That Monster
consists of two scurvy Figures drawn in red, on the flat Side of a Rock, about
eight or ten Foot high, which wants very much of the extraordinary Height that
Relation mentions. However our Indians paid
Homage, by offering Sacrifice to that Stone; tho' we endeavour'd to give them to
understand, that the said Rock had no Manner of Virtue, and that we worship'd
something above it, pointing up to
Heaven but it was to no Purpose, and
they made Signs to us, that they should die if they did not perform that Duty.
We proceeded, coasting along a Chain of Mountains, and at length, on the 3d,
left the Missisipi, to enter the River of the Islinois.
We found a great Alteration in that River, as well with
Respect to its Course, which is very gentle, as to the Country about it, which
is much more agreeable and beautiful than that about the great River, by Reason
of the many fine Woods and Variety of Fruit its Banks are adorn'd with. It was a
very great comfort to us, to find so much Ease in going up that River, by Reason
of its gentle Stream, so that we all stay'd in the Canoe and made much more Way.
Thus we went on till the 8th without stopping any longer
than to kill a Bullock, and one of our Indians, who had a craving Stomach, having eaten some of its Suet hot and
raw, was taken very ill, and died of it, as I shall mention in its Place.
The 9th, we came into a Lake, about half a League over, which we cross'd, and return'd into the Channel of the River, on the Banks whereof we found several Marks of the Natives having been incamp'd there, when they came to fish and dry what they caught. The 10th, we cross'd another Lake, call'd Primitehouy, return'd to the River, and the 11th, saw Indians before us, incamp'd on the Bank of a River, whereupon we stop'd and made ready our Arms. In the mean Time, one of them came towards us by Land, and we put on our Canoe towards him.
When that Indian was near, he stood gazing on us, without speaking a Word, and then drawing still nearer, we gave him to understand, that we were sent by Monsieur. de la Sale, and came from him. Then he made Signs to us, to advance towards his People, whom, he went before to acquaint with what he had said to him, so that when we were come near them they fired Several Shot to salute us, and we answer'd them with our Firelocks.
After that mutual Salutation, they came into our Canoe, to signify, they were glad to hear News of Monsieur de Ia Sale. We ask'd them, What Nation they were of; they answer'd, They were Islinois, of a Canton call'd Cascasquia. We enquir'd whether Monsieur Tonty was at Fort Lewis; they gave us to understand, that be was not, but that he was gone to the War against the Iroquois. They invited us Ashore, to go with them to eat of such as they had, we thank'd them, and they brought us some Gourds and Water Melons, in Exchange for which, we gave them some parch'd Flesh.
We had not by the Way taken Notice of a Canoe, in which was a Man with two Women, who, being afraid of us, had hid themselves among the Reeds, but that man seeing us stop among his Countrymen, took Heart, came to us, and having told us, that he belong'd to a Village near Fort Lewis, we set out together, and one of our Indians went into that Canoe, to help them to shove, so they call the Way of pushing on the Canoe with Poles instead of rowing.
On Sunday, the 14th of September, about two in the Afternoon, we came into the Neighbourhood of Fort Lewis. Drawing near, we were met by some Indians that were on the Bank, who having view'd us well, and understanding we came from Monsr. de Ia Sale, and that we be long'd to him, ran to the Fort to carry the News, and immediately we saw a French Man come out with a Company of Indians, who fir'd a Volley of several Pieces, to salute us. Then the French Man drew near, and desir'd us to come Ashore, which we did, leaving only one in the Canoe, to take Care of our Baggage; for the Islinois are very sharp at carrying off anything they can lay their Hands on, and consequently, nothing near so honest as the Nations we had pass'd thro'..
We all walk'd together towards the Fort, and found three French Men coming to meet us, and among them a Clerk, who had belong'd to the late Monsr. de Ia Sale, nomme Boisrondet. They immediately ask us, where Monsr. de Ia Sale was, we told them, he had brought us Part of the Way, and left us at a Place about forty Leagues beyond the Cenis, and that he was then in good Health. All that was true enough; for Monsr. Cavelier and I, who were the Persons, that then spoke, were not present at Monsr. de Ia Sale's Death; he was in good Health when he left us, and I have told the Reasons we had for concealing his Death, till we came into France.
It is no less true, that Father Anastasius, and he they call'd Teisier, could have given a better Account, the one as an Eye Witness, and the other, as one of the Murderers, and they were both with us; but to avoid lying, they said Nothing. We farther told them, we had Orders to go over into France, to give an Account of the Discoveries made by Monsieur de Ia Sale, and to procure the sending of Succours.
At length, we enter'd the Fort, where we found and surpriz'd several Persons who did not expect us. All the French were under Arms and made several Discharges to welcome us. Monsieur de Belle Fontaine Lieutenant to Monsr. Tonti was at the Head of them and complimented us. Then we were conducted to the Chappel where we return Thanks to God, from the Bottom of our Hearts, for having preserv'd and conducted us in Safety; after which we had our Lodgings assigned us, Monsr. Cavelier and Father Anastasius had one Chamber, and we were put into the Magazine, or Ware‑house. All this While, the Natives came by Intervals, to fire their Pieces, to express their joy for our Return, and for the News we brought of Monsieur de Ia Sale, which refresh'd our Sorrow for his Misfortune; perceiving that his Presence would have settled all Things advantageously.
The Day after our Arrival, one of the Indians, who had conducted us, having been sick ever since he eat the raw Beef Suet, I mention'd before, died, and his Companions took away and bury'd him privately. We gave them the promis'd Reward, and the Part belonging to the Dead Man, to be deliver'd to his Relations. They stay'd some Time in the Fort, during the which, we took extraordinary Care of them, and at last they return'd to their own Homes.
As far as we could gather by half Words dropp'd there by one or other at the Fort, Something had been done there prejudicial to the Service of Monsr. de la Sale, and against his Authority, and therefore some dreaded his Return, but more especially a Jesuit was in great Consternation. He was sick, Monsieur Cavelier, Father Anastasius and I went to visit him. He enquired very particularly of all Points, and could not conceal his Trouble, which we would not seem to take Notice of.
Our Design being to make the best of our way to Canada, in Order to set out Aboard the first French Ships that should Sail for France, we enquired how we were to proceed, and met with several Difficulties. The Navigation on that River was very Dangerous, by Reason of the Falls there are in it, which must be carefully avoided, unless a Man will run an inevitable Hazard of perishing. There were few Persons capable of managing that Affair, and the War with the Iroquois made all Men afraid. However the Sieur Boisrondet, Clerk to the late Monsr. de la Sale, having told us he had a Canoe, in which lie design'd to go down to Canada, we prepared to make use of that Opportunity. Care was taken to gather Provisions for our Voyage, to get Furs to barter as we pass'd by Micilimaquinay The Visits of two Chiefs of Nations, call'd Cascasquia. Peroueria and Cacahouanous discover'd by the late Monsieur de la Sale, did not interrupt our Affairs, and all things being ready on the 1st we took Leave on the 18th, of those we left in the Fort. Monsieur Cavelier writ a Letter for Monsieur Tonty, which he left there to be delivered to him, and we repair’d to the Lake to imbark.
It would be needless to relate all the Troubles and Hardships we met with, in that Journey, it was painful and fruitless, for having gone to the Bank of the Lake, in very foul Weather, after waiting there eight Days, for that foul weather to cease, and after we had imbark'd notwithstanding the Storm, we were oblig'd to put Ashore again, the Place where we had imbark'd and there to to return to dig a Hole in the Earth, to bury our Baggage and Provisions, to save the Trouble of carrying them back to Fort Lewis, whither we return'd and arrived there the 7th Of October; where they were surpriz'd to see us come back.
Thus were we oblig'd to continue in that Fort all the rest of Autumn and Part of the Winter, to our great Sorrow, and not so much for our own Disappointment, as for being, by that Means, obstructed from sending Succours, as soon as we had expected, as well to the said Fort, as to those French of our own Company, whom we had left on the Coast of the Bay of Mexico.
It was then the good Season for shooting. Those Gentlemen at the Fort had secur'd two good Indian Sportsmen, who never let us want for Wild Fowl of all Sorts; besides we had good Bread, and as good Fruit, and had there been any Thing to drink besides Water, we had far'd well. The Leisure we had during our Stay there, gave me an Opportunity of making the following Remarks, as well of my own Observation, as what I learn'd of the French residing there.
Fort Lewis is in the Country of the Islinois and seated on a steep Rock, about two hundred Foot high, the River running at the Bottom of it. It is only fortified with Stakes and Palisades, and some Houses advancing to the Edge of the Rock. It has a very spacious Esplanade, or Place of Arms. The Place is naturally strong, and might be made so by Art, with little Expence. Several of the Natives live in it, in their Huts. I cannot give an Account of the Latitude it stands in, for Want of proper Instruments to take an Observation, but Nothing can be pleasanter; and it may be truly affirm'd, that the Country of the Islinois enjoys all that can make it accomplish'd not only as to Ornament, but also for its plentiful Production of all Things requisite for the Support of human Life.
The Plain, which is water'd by the River, is beautified by two small Hills, about half a League distant from the Fort, and those Hills are cover'd with Groves of Oaks, Walnut Trees and other Sorts I have named elsewhere. The Fields are full of Grass, growing up very high. On the Sides of the Hills is found a gravelly Sort of Stone, very fit to make Lime for Building. There are also many Clay Pits, fit for making of Earthen Ware, Bricks and Tiles, and along the River there are Coal Pits, the Coal whereof has been try'd and found very good. There is no Reason to question, but that there are in this Country, Mines of all Sorts of Metals, and of the richest, the Climate being the same as that of New Mexico. We saw several Spots, where it appeared there were Iron Mines, and found some Pieces of it on the Bank of the River, which Nature had cleansed. Travellers who have been at the upper Part of the Missisipi, affirm that they have found Mines there, of very good Lead.
Country is one of the most temperate in the World, and consequently whatsoever
is sow'd there, whether Herbs, Roots, Indian
and even European Corn thrives
very well, as has been try'd by the Sieur Boisrondet,
who sow'd of all Sorts, and had a plentiful Crop, and we eat of the Bread,
which was very good. And whereas we were assured, that there were Vines which
run up, whose Grapes are very good and delicious, growing along the River, it is
reasonable to believe, that if those Vines were transplanted and prun'd, there
might be very good Wine made of them. There is also Plenty of wild Apple and
Pear Trees, and of several other Sorts, which would afford excellent Fruit, were
they grafted and transplanted.
All Sorts of Fruit, as Plums, Peaches, and Others, wherewith the country a bounds, would become exquisite, if the same Industry were us'd, and other Sorts of Fruit we have in France would thrive well, if they were carry'd over. The Earth Produces a Sort Of Hemp, whereof Cloth might be made and Cordage.
As for the Manners and Customs of the Islinois, in many particulars, they are the same as those of other Nations we have seen. They are naturally fierce and revengeful, and among them, the Toil Of Sowing, Planting, carrying Burdens, and doing all the other Things that belong to the Support of Life, appertains peculiarly to Women. Men have no other Business but going to the War and hunting, and the women must fetch the Game when they have kill'd it, which sometimes they are to carry very far to their Dwellings, and there to parch, or dress it any other Way.
When the Corn or other Grain is sow’d, the Women secure it from the Birds till it comes up. Those Birds are a sort of Starlings, like ours in France, but larger and fly in great Swarms.
The Islinois have but few Children, and are extremely fond of them; it is the Custom among them, as well as others I have mentioned, never to chide, or beat them, but only to throw Water at them, by Way of Chastisement.
The nations we have spoken of before, are not all, or very little addicted to Thieving; but it is not so with the Islinois, and it behoves every Man to watch their Feet as well as their Hands, for they know how to turn any Thing out of the Way most dexterously. They are subject to the general Vice of all the other Indians, which is to boast very much of their Warlike Exploits, and that is the main Subject of their discourse, and they are very great Lyars.
They pay a Respect to their Dead, as appears by their special Care of burying them, and even of putting into Coffins placed high above the ground, the Bodies of such as are considerable among them, as their Chiefs and others, which is also Practiced among the Accancea's, but they differ in this Particular, that the Accancea's weep and make their Complaints for some Days, whereas the Chahouanous and other People of the Islinois Nation do just the Contrary; for when any of them die, they wrap them up in Skins, and then put them into Coffins made of the Barks of Trees, then sing and dance about them for twenty four Hours. Those Dancers take Care to tie Calabashes, or Gourds about their Bodies, with some Indian Wheat in then', to rattle and make a Noise, and some of them have a Drum, made of a great Earthen Pot, on which they extend a wild Goat's Skin, and beat thereon with one Stick, like our Tabors.
During that Rejoicing they throw their Presents on the Coffin, as Bracelets, Pendants, or Pieces of Earthen Ware, and Strings of Beads, encouraging the Singers to perform their Duty well. If any Friend happens to come thither at that Time, he immediately throws down his Present and falls a singing and dancing like the rest. When that Cere‑ is over, they bury the Body, with Part of the Presmaking choice of such as may be most proper for it. They also bury with it some Store of Indian Wheat, with a Pot to boil it in, for fear the dead Person should be hungry on his long journey; and they repeat the same Ceremony at the Year's End.
A good Number of Presents still remaining, they divide them into several Lots , and play at a Game, call'd of the Stick, to give them to the Winner. That Game is play'd, taking a short Stick, very smooth and greas'd, that it may be the Harder to hold it fast. One of the Elders throws that Stick as far as he can, the young Men run after it, snatch it from each other , and at last he who remains possess'd of it, has the first Lot. The Stick is then thrown again, he who keeps it then has the second Lot, and so on to the End. The Women, whose Husbands have been slain in War, often perform the same Ceremony, and treat the Singers and Dancers whom they have before invited.
The Marriages of the Islinois last no longer, than the Parties agree together, for they freely part after a Hunting bout, each going which Way they please, without any Ceremony. However, the Men are jealous enough of their Wives, and when they catch them in a Fault, they generally cut off their Noses, and I saw one who had been so serv'd.
Nevertheless, Adultery is not reckon'd any great Crime among them, and there are Women who make no Secret of having had to do with French Men. Yet are they not sufficiently addicted to that Vice to offer themselves, and they never fall, unless they are sued to, when, they are none of the most difficult in the World to be prevail'd on. The rest I leave to those who have liv'd longer there than I.
We continu'd some Time in Fort Lewis, without receiving any News. Our Business was, after having heard Mass, which we had the good Fortune to do every Day, to divert our selves the best we could. The Indian Women daily brought in something fresh, we wanted not for Water Melons, Bread made of Indian Corn, bak'd in the Embers, and other such Things, and we rewarded them with little Presents in Return.
On the 27th of October, of the same Year, Monsieur M. Tonty Tonty return'd from the War with the Iroquois. Our Embraces and the Relation of our Adventures were again repeated; but still concealing from him, the Death of Monsieur de la Sale. He told us all the Particulars of that, war, and said, That the Iroquois having got Intelligence of War with the Irothe March of the French Forces and their Allies, had all quois. come out of their Villages and laid themselves in Ambush by the Way; but that having made a sudden and general Discharge upon our Men, with their usual Cries, yet without much Harm done, they had been repuls'd with Loss, took their Flight, and by the Way burnt all their own. This was the famous expedition of the Marquis de Nonville against the Senecas, in which Tonti, Do Shut and Duromtage, came to the aid of the Governor, with 180 French coureurs de bois and 400 Indians from the upper lakes.
That Monsieur d' Hennonville,' chief Governor of New France, had caus'd the Army to march, to burn the rest of their Villages, set Fire to their Country and Corn, but would not proceed any further. That afterwards he had made himself Master of several Canoes belonging to the English, Most of them laden with Brandy, which had been plunder'd; that the English had been sent Prisoners to Montreal, they being come to make some Attempt upon the Islinois.
We continued after this Manner, till the Month of December, when two Men arrived, from Montreal. They came to give Notice to Monsr. Tonty, that three Canoes, laden with Merchandize, Powder, Ball and other Things, were arriv'd at Chicagou, that there being two little Water in the River, and what there was being frozen, they could come down no lower; so that it being requisite to send Men to fetch those Things, Monsr. Tonty desir'd the Chief of the Chahouanous to furnish him with People. That Chief accordingly provided forty, as well Men as Women, who set out with some French Men. The Honesty of the Chahouanous was the Reason of preferring them before the Islinois, who are naturally Knaves.
That Ammunition and the Merchandize were soon brought, and very seasonably, the Fort being then in Want. We stay'd there till the End of February, 1688, at which Time we fix'd our Resolution to depart, tho' we had no News from Canada, as we expected. We found there were some Canoes ready to undertake that Voyage, and we laid hold of that Opportunity to convoy each other to the Micilimaquinay, where we hop'd to meet some News from Canada.
Monsieur Cavelier the Priest, had taken Care, before the Death of M. de la sale, his Brother, to get of him Letter of Credit, to receive either a Sum of Money or Fur in the Country of the Islinois. He tender'd that Letter to M. Tonty, who believing M. de [a Sale was still alive, made Mar. 1698 no Difficulty of giving him to the Value of about 4000 Livres in Furs, Castors and Otter Skins, a Canoe and other Effects, for which, the said Monsr. Cavelier gave him his Note,' and we prepar'd for our journey.
I have before observed, that there was a Jesuit, whose name was Dalouez' at Fort Lewis, and who had been very much surpriz'd to bear that Monsr. de la Sale was to come in a short Time, being under great Apprehensions on Account of a Conspiracy intended to have been carry'd on, against Monsr. de la Sale's Interest. That Father perceiving our Departure was fix'd, mov'd first, and went away foremost, to return to Micilimaquinay; so that they were left without a Priest at Fort Lewis, which was a great Trouble to us, because ‑we were the Occasion of it, and therefore those, who were to remain in the Fort, anticipated the Time, and made their Easter, taking the Advantage of the Presence of F. Anastasius and M. Cavelier. At length, We Set out the 21St of March, from Fort Lewis. The Sieur Boisrondet, who was desirous to return, join'd us, we imbark'd on the River, which was then become navigable, and before we had advanc'd five Leagues, met with a rapid Stream, which oblig'd us to go Ashore, and then again into the Water, to draw along our Canoe. I had the Misfortune to hurt one of my Feet against a Rock that lay under Water, which troubled me very much for a long Time; and we being under a Necessity of going often into the Water, I suffer'd extreamly, and more than I had done since our Departure from the Gulph of Mexico.
We arriv'd at Chicagou the 29th Of March, and our first Care was to go seek what we had conceal'd at our former Voyage, having, as was there said, bury'd our Luggage and Provisions. We found it had been open'd, and some Furs and Linen taken away, almost all which belong'd to me. This had been done by a French Man, whom M. Tonty had sent from the Fort, during the Winter Season, to know whether there were any Canoes at Chicagou, and whom he had directed to see whether any Body had medled with what we had conceal'd and he made Use of that Advice to rob us.
The bad Weather oblig'd us to stay in that Place, till April. That Time of Rest was advantageous for the Healing my Foot; and there being but very little Game in that Place, we had Nothing but our Meal or Indian Wheat to feed on; yet we discover'd a Kind of Manna, which was a great Help to us. It was a Sort of Tree, resembling our Maple Tree in which we made incisions, whence flow'd a sweet a Water, and in it we boil'd our Indian Wheat, which made it delicious, sweet and of a very agreeable Relish.
There being no Sugar-Canes in that Country, those Trees supply'd that Liquor, which being boil'd tip and evaporated turn'd into a Kind of Sugar somewhat brownish, but very good. In the Woods we found a Sort of Garlick, not so strong as ours, and small Onions very like ours in Taste, and some Charvel' of the same Relish as that we have, but different in the Leaf.
The Weather being somewhat mended, we imbark'd again and enter'd upon the Lake on the 8th of April, keeping to the North Side to shun the Iroquois. We had some Storms also, and saw swelling Waves like those of the Sea; but Quinetanan arriv'd safe the 15th at a River call'd near a River. Village whence, the Inhabitants depart during the Winter Season, to go a Hunting' and reside there all the Summer. The Sport is not there as in those Countries from whence we came; but on the Contrary, very poor, and we found Nothing but some very lean Wild Goats and even those very rarely, because the Wolves, which are very numerous there, make great Havock of them, taking and devouring great Numbers after this Manner.
When the Wolves have discover'd a Herd of Wild Goats, Apr. 1688 they rouse and set them a running. The Wild Goats never fail to take to the first Lake they meet with. The hunting Wolves Wolves, who are used to that, guard the Banks carefully, moving along the Edges of them. The poor Goats being pierc'd by the Cold of the Lake, grow weary and so get out, or else the River swelling forces them out with its Waves, quite benumm'd, so that they are ‑easily taken by their Enemies, who devour them. We frequently saw those Wolves watching along the Side of the Lake, and kept off to avoid frightning them, to the End the Wild Goats might not quit their Sanctuary, that we might catch some of them, as it sometimes fell out.
28th, we arriv'd among the Poutouatannis, which
Poutouatanni lay half Way to Micilimaquinay,
where we purchas'd some tion. Indian Corn
for the rest of our Voyage. We left there on the last of the month, and we
arrived on the 10th of May at the said
place of Michilimacinac. We found no
News there from Montreal, and were
forc'd to stay some Time to wait an Opportunity to go down the River; No Man
daring to venture, because of the War with the Iroquois.
There are some French Men in that Place, and four Hurons d Jesuits, who have a House well built with Timber, inclosed and Outahouacs with Stakes and Palisades. There are also some Hurons Nations. and Outahouacs, two Neighbouring Nations, whom those Fathers take Care to instruct, not without very much Trouble, those People being downright Libertines, and there are very often none but a few Women in their Churches. Those Fathers have each of them the Charge of instructing a Nation, and to that Effect have translated the Prayers into the Language peculiar to each of them, as also all other Things relating to the Catholick Faith and Religion.
They offer'd Father Anastasius and Monsieur Cavelier a Room, which they accepted of, and we took up our Lodging in a little Hovel some Travellers had made. There we continued the rest of May and Part of June, till after the Feast of Whitsontide. The Natives of the Country about, till the Land and sow Indian Corn, Melons and Gourds, but they do not thrive so well as in the Country we came from. However they live on them, and besides they have Fish they catch in the Lake, for Flesh is very scarce among them.
On the 4th of June, there arriv'd four Canoes, com by Monsieur de Porneuf, coming from Montreal, and bringing News from the Marques d' Hennonville, and Orders to send to the Settlements which were towards the Lake des Puans and others higher up, towards the Source of the River Colbert, to know the Posture and Condition of Affairs. We prepar'd to be gone with the two Canoes. Monsieur Cavelier bought another, to carry our Baggage, and left Part of his Furs with a Merchant, who gave him a Note to receive Money at Montreal. I did the same with those few Furs I had, the rest of them having been left at Micilimaquinay.
We took Leave of the Jesuits, and set out in four Canoes, viz. two belonging to Monsieur de Porneuf, and two to Monsieur Cavelier, one of which had been brought from Fort Lewis, and the other bought, as I have just now said, we being twenty-nine of us in those four Canoes. We sail'd on till the 24th, when Monsieur de Porneuf left us to go to St. Mary's Fall, to carry the Orders given him. The 25th, we got out of the Lake of the Islinois, to enter that of the Hurons, on the Banks whereof stands the Village, call'd Tessalon, where Monsieur de Porneuf came again to us, the 27th, with a Canoe of the Natives, and with him we held on our Way.
proceeded to Chebonany the 30th of June,
and the 3d of July, enter'd the French River,
where we were forc'd several Times to carry our Canoes to avoid the Falls and
the rapid Streams, observing as we went a barren and dry Country, full of Rocks,
on which there grow Cedars and Fir Trees, which take Root in the Clefts of those
The 5th we enter'd upon the little Lake of Nipicingue, adjoining to a Nation of that Name. We got out of it again the 7th, and enter'd upon the great River, where, after having pass'd the great Fall, we arriv'd the 13th, the Point of the Island of Montreal. We landed at a Village call'd la Chine which had belong'd to the late Monsr. de la Sale. Monsr. Cavelier set out the 14th, for Montreal, where we came to him the 17th. At Montreal we found the Marques d' hennonville, Mon. de Noroy the Intendant and other Gentlemen, to whom we gave an Account of our long and painful Travels, with the Particulars of what we had seen, which they listned to with Satisfaction, but without mentioning Monsieur de la Sale's Death. We told them the Occasion of our going over into France, and they approv'd of it, being of Opinion with us, that we ought to hasten our Departure as much as possible.
We made us some Cloaths, whereof we stood in Need. The Sieur Tessier, who came along with us, and was of the Reform'd Religion, knowing the Exercise of it was forbid in France, abjur'd it in the great Church of Montreal. The 27th, we went aboard a Bark to go down the River to Quebec, where we arriv'd the 29th, Father Anastasius carry'd us to the Monastery of the Fathers of his Order, seated half a League from the Town, on a little River, where we were most kindly receiv'd by the Father Guardian and the other Religious 'Men, who express'd much joy to see us, and we still more for being in a Place of Safety, after so many Perils and Toils, for which we return'd our humble Thanks to Almighty God, our Protector.
chose rather to take tip our Lodging there than in the Town, to avoid the Visits
and troublesome Questions every one would be putting to us with much
Importunity, which we must have been oblig'd to bear patiently. Monsieur Cavelier
and his Nephew, whom we had left at Montreal,
arriv'd some Days after us, and were lodg'd in the Seminary.
we imbark'd on a large Boat, eighteen Persons of us, to go down the River of St.
Lawrence, a Board a Ship, that was
taking in and fishing of Cod, in order to reach France. We went a Board it the 30th of the same Month, and after
hearing Mass, made ready and sail'd for our dear Country, arriv'd safe at Rochelle
on Saturday the 9th of October 1688,
whence, setting out by Land, Friday the
15th, the same Providence, which had protected and conducted us, brought us
without any Misfortune to Roan, the 17th of October, the