CHICAGO STYLE GUIDE for IMSA Students

Department of History

 


ON-LINE RESOURCES

On-line resources are becoming more common, and students tend to prefer to go to them first before consulting the old fashioned paper variety of scholarship. The information below will assist students in choosing quality on-line resources and citing them properly in their papers.

 

Identifying Reliable Sources

Critically analyzing sources is a developed skill, but there are some ways to begin to cultivate that skill in your IMSA history courses. One trick is to click that little "advanced search" button to the right of the search bar at Google. Never noticed this? Take a look. Toward the bottom on the advanced search page is a search bar that allows you to enter a domain name to limit your search. Type in ".edu." Now back at the top type in all the words you want to search. Try typing "Origin of Species." Note the sites that come up. Try the search again without the ".edu." See the difference?

As a rule for IMSA papers students should evaluate on-line sources by considering the expertise of the source and the layers of editorial review. While this will not solve all problems of reliability (and opens up a whole other can of worms at higher levels of academic discussion), it will please your instructors at IMSA as you evaluate sources to cite in your papers.


EXAMPLES

IMSA students are likely to encounter many different types of on-line resources. The examples below cover the most likely types to require citations in an IMSA paper. Again you will notice the three-period and three-comma rules being applied in the footnotes and bibliographies. Always, an author, title, site owner, URL, and access date are necessary. When an author is not available give the site owner's name.

Encyclopedias are generally not cited in bibliographic and footnote formats. However, given the need to cite sources at IMSA, the convention below should be followed for such sources. The "s.v." before the word means "sub verbo" (meaning "under the word" or "under the heading").

Footnotes of Websites

1. Transportation for Illinois Coalition, "Federal Funding for Rail Passenger Service: A White Paper from the Transportation for Illinois Coalition," Transportation for Illinois Coalition, http://www .tficillinois.org/pdf/Amtrak%20white%20paper.pdf (accessed June 1, 2008).

2. Stop Waste.org, "Green Building for Climate Protection," Stopwaste.org, http://www .stopwaste.org/home/index.asp?page=866 (accessed April 23, 2008).

3. Douglas O. Linder, "Strict Constructionism and the Strike Zone," University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law, http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/baseball.html (accessed May 1, 2008).

4. MSN Encarta, Indian Ocean map, MSN Encarta, http://encarta.msn.com/map_701513320/indian _ocean.html (accessed January 1, 2008).

5. Encyclopedia Britannica Online, s.v. "Global Warming," http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9037044/global-warming (accessed January 31, 2008).

Bibliography of Websites

Transportation for Illinois Coalition. "Federal Funding for Rail Passenger Service: A White Paper from the Transportation for Illinois Coalition." Transportation for Illinois Coalition, http://www .tficillinois.org/pdf/Amtrak%20white%20paper.pdf (accessed June 1, 2008).

Stop Waste.org. "Green Building for Climate Protection." Stopwaste.org, http://www .stopwaste.org/home/index.asp?page=866 (accessed April 23, 2008).

Linder, Douglas O. "Strict Constructionism and the Strike Zone." University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law. http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/baseball.html (accessed May 1, 2008).

MSN Encarta. Indian Ocean map. MSN Encarta. http://encarta.msn.com/map_701513320/indian _ocean.html (accessed January 1, 2008).

Footnotes of Articles found using Library Search Engines

1. Thomas E. Cronin, "An Insurgent Congress and the Imperial Presidency," Political Science Quarterly 95, No. 2 (Summer 1980): 209-237, In JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/ 2149365.pdf (accessed June 1, 2008).

Bibliographies of Articles found using Library Search Engines

Thomas E. Cronin. "An Insurgent Congress and the Imperial Presidency." Political Science Quarterly 95, No. 2 (Summer 1980): 209-237. In JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/2149365.pdf (accessed June 1, 2008).