Department of History



Google Books like all electronic sources must be cited in your footnotes. If you view a book that is available in Google Books you must indicate that you read it there. It works just like other book and electronic citations.


Anne C. Wilson , After Five Years in India or Life and Work in a Punjab District (London: Blackie and Son, 1895), 120, education+india#PPA120,M1(accessed June 1, 2009).


Notice the difference between the italics and the plain text in footnotes and bibliographies and how names are listed in each. Also notice the use of commas and periods. There is a difference and the convention here serves a particular purpose.


Below follow seven footnotes listing a book within another book (#3), a book (#4 and 5), the Congressional Record (#6), an on-line textbook (#7), a primary source within a book (#8), an encyclopedia entry (#9 and 10) and a translated e-book (#11).

3. Harriet Jacobs, "Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl," in Henry Louis Gates, Jr., ed., The Classic Slave Narratives (New York: Signet Classics, 2002), 238-9.

4. Joseph Lash, Eleanor and Franklin: The story of their relationship, based on Eleanor Roosevelt’s private papers (NY: WW Norton & Co., 1971), 567.

5. William L. Langer and S. Everett Gleason, The Challenge to Isolation 1937-1940 (New York: Harper&Brothers Publishers, 1952), 35, 36.

6. U.S. Congress, House of Representatives, Special Committee on Un-American Activities, Investigation of Un-American Propaganda Activities in the United States, 75th Cong, 3rd Sess. (Vol. 4, November 22, 1938), 2525.

7. Digital History, "The First Americans," Digital History Online Textbook, http://www (accessed September 1, 2008).

8. King William of England Addresses Parliament on the French Question, 31 December 1701, in Clarence L. Ver Steeg and Richard Hofstadter, eds., Great Issues in American History: From Settlement to Revolution, 1584-1776 (New York: Vintage Books, 1969), 333-335.

9. Encyclopedia of World Explorers, 1st ed., s.v. "Samuel de Champlain."

10. Charles H. Long, "Transculturation and Religion," in Encyclopedia of Religion, 2nd ed.

11. Nicolo Machiavelli, The Prince, trans.W. K. Marriott (Project Gutenberg eBook, 2006), (accessed November 21, 2009).


What follows is a bibliographic list, in proper alphabetical order by author, of, respectively, a published pamphlet, published book on a meeting, a book with two authors, an on-line textbook, and two books with a single author.

ACLU. Let Freedom Ring!:The Story of Civil Liberty 1936-1937. New York: ACLU, 1937.

American Federation of Labor. Report of the Proceedings of the Fifty-Sixth Annual Convention of the American Federation of Labor, Tampa, Florida, November 16 to 27, 1936. Washington, D.C.: American Federation of Labor, 1936.

Ceplair, Larry, and Steven Englund. The Inquisition in Hollywood : Politics in the Film Community, 1930-1960. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1980.

Digital History. "The First Americans." Digital History Online Textbook. http://www (accessed September 1, 2008).

Freidel, Franklin. Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Rendezvous with Destiny. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1990.

Lash, Joseph. Eleanor and Franklin: The story of their relationship, based on Eleanor Roosevelt’s private papers. New York: WW Norton & Co., 1971.